BEGINNER

INTERMEDIATE

ADVANCED

TYPICAL

Beginner Learner Profile

  • Very limited range of reinforcers, especially those that can be controlled by the instructor.
  • Often engage in disruptive and / or escape behaviors that interfere with teaching, such as stereotypy (stim behaviors).
  • Often use inappropriate behaviors as mands (e. g., crying or screaming, etc.).
  • Little or No language.
  • Very limited ability to interact appropriately with other people. Make very few attempts to interact with adults or children even if they want something. May ignore most adults and children all together.
  • Lacking all or most “Basic Learning Skills”. The following are considered “Basic Learning Skills” because they are building block skills or skills that are needed in order for prompting to be effective and more importantly to learn from the natural environment.
    • Attending – looking and paying attention to instructor, materials, reinforcers, “Turned into” others and the environment.
    • Imitation – the ability to match others gross and fine motor actions, AND vocally (Echoics).
    • Matching – the ability to match object to object, object to picture and words to objects and pictures (labeling / tacting).
    • Receptive Language – the ability to understand what others say and respond non-verbally.
    • Manding – the ability to ask for desired items and activities.

Intermediate Learner Profile

  • At least 10 separate, instructor controlled items or activities that serve as reinforcers.
  • Typically cooperative in teaching situations for increased amount of time with contrived reinforcers.
  • Able to engage socially with others, particularly adults. Initiate social interactions by looking at others, return greeting from adults. Beginning to show interest in other children.
  • Much improved “Basic Learning Skills”.
    • They are able to attend for at least 3 – 7 minutes during non-preferred activities and often much longer for preferred activities.
    • They are able to imitate most actions and words but may need a few trials.
    • Typically quite good at matching objects and picture. Able to expressively label at least 100 common items and pictures of those items.
    • Receptively understand at least 200 words, able to follow many simple instructions, especially within the context of routine activities and some out of context, able to learn new receptive labels in 1 – 5 trials.
    • Manding – able to ask for most reinforcing items and activities. Able to learn new mands in 1 – 5 trials.

Advanced Learner Profile

  • Many instructor controlled items or activities that serve as reinforcers.
  • Typically cooperative in teaching situations for increased amount of time with contrived reinforcers and social reinforcers.
  • Able to engage socially with others, adults and children. Initiates social interactions by looking at others, initiates greetings, able to play for 10 or more minutes with typical children, independently.
  • Much much better, approaching typical “Basic Learning Skills”.
    • They are able to attend for at least 15 – 20 minutes during non-preferred activities and often much longer for preferred activities.
    • They are able to imitate most actions and words typically on the first try.
    • Typically excellent matching objects and picture. Able to expressively label at least 250 common items and pictures of those items.
    • Receptively understand at least 500 words, able to follow many simple instructions in and out of context, able to learn new receptive labels in 1 trial.
    • Manding – able to ask for almost all reinforcing items and activities in varied sentences. Able to learn new mands in 1 trial.

Typical Learner Profile

  • Able to learn in regular educational setting without additional support.